As of August 2021, African Swine Fever (ASF) was present in more than 50 countries, causing huge economic losses to the swine industry. In 2013, the virus was first observed in Baltic countries and Poland and not only in domestic pigs, but also in the wild boar population.
In Poland, outbreaks have increased and spread from east to west since 2014, with the main drivers being non-compliance with biosecurity rules and continuous infection in wild boar.
Successful methods to combat ASF
- Electric fences
- So-called “white zones” – where the population of wild boar should be zero
- Chemical repellents
- Hunting (licensed)
- Increased awareness through campaigns to farmers, vets, etc.
Controlling ASFV in Europe
ASF will be present in Poland – and throughout Europe – for many more years, so measures are required to reduce economic loss. A comprehensive EU-wide strategy includes regionalization and compartmentalization of outbreaks, enabling best-possible disease control, while minimizing any negative impact of ASF on pig production and export. Early diagnosis and surveillance are the key factors against ASF spread.